Apoteker harus bertanggung ajwab untuk melakukan dispensing secara akurat sehingga obat yang diberikan ke pasien menjadi tepat dan aman. Untuk itu apoteker harus mengembangkan suatu prosedur yang bisa mengatasi terjadinya kesalahan seperti emmbuat suatu protab disetiap titik yang rawan terjadinya kesalahan dan menunjuk pegawai untuk menjadi penanggung jawabnya. Selain itu juga harus memastikan obat terdistribusi secara aman.

Untuk membuat kedua hal tersebut, sebelumnya kita harus tahu error yang sering terjadi di apotek :

a. memberikan/mendispensing obat yang salah, obat betul tapi dosis salah, atau keduanya, termasuk juga salah memberikan obat (misal obat yang diberikan harusnya sublingual eh malah dikasih tablet biasa)

b. lupa atau gagal dalam melakukan konseling kepada pasien dan kegagalan dalam mengidentifikasi interaksi obat dan kontraindikasi obat (keadaan dimana obat itu tidak boleh diberikan)

Yang bisa menyebabkan kesalahan (dispensing error):

LIngkungan kerja

bagaimana lingkungan harus diciptakan agar tidak mengganggu kinerja orang yang bekerja, seperti layout tunggu pasien, ruang peracikan jangan terlalu kecil, ruang penyimpanan obat desain baik.

 

Selain itu beban kerja yang ada harus se ideal mungkin, seperti jangan sampai 1 apoteker mendispensing resep 15 resep/jam. Farmasis juga perlu istirahat setiap 2-3 jam serta perlu snack.

Distraction (gangguan) yang sering terjadi :

a. dering telephone. sehingga jika meletakkan telephone jangan sampai dekat dengan meja peresepan/tempat peracikan obat. pegnatasannya bisa saja telephone diserahkan kepada kasir atau siapa yang bertanggung jawab tetapi tidak boleh dilepas begitu saja, karena biasnaya ada telepn yang benar-benar memerlukan kita sebagai informan.

b. pergantian shif atau beban kerjanya kurang. menyebabkan banyak ngobrol pekerja. Ngobrol boleh tapi harus diminimalkan waktu kosongnya.

 

Berikut juga akan disajaikan critical step pada saat dispensing :

a. review dan assessment resep (terutama untuk yang apda waktu membaca resep perlu konsentrasi)

b. memasukkan data ke komputer.

c. memilih obat yang mau diberikan harus tepat dan benar

d. mengambil obat dengan memastikan melihat waktu kadaluarsanya .

e. saat menghitung dan menimbang obat

f. penempelan label/etiket

g. double checking resep—>sebaiknya resep dicek oelh lebih dari satu orang

h. mengembalikan obat apda tempatnya . ini pengaruh jika memiliki gudang obat. sebaiknya disimpan menurut efek farmakologi, jenis obat (untuk obat keras, serta meletakkan obat dari yang ED nya kurang ke hampir ED)

i. Konseling pasien

j. verifikasi reesep pada penulisnya (dokter)

Tags:

2,315 Comments on Dispensing ERROR

  1. nenenglizayanti says:

    Gan,, sy sangat tertarik dgn medication error dirumah sakit, kebetulan sy akan mengambil judul ini utk skripsi saya, bisa tolong bantu saya mungkin kakak punya refrensi buku2 atau literatur apapun yg brkaitan dgn medication error.

    Trimakasih
    Wassalam

  2. What’s up, all the time i used to check web site posts here early in the daylight, for the reason that i enjoy to gain knowledge of more
    and more.

  3. Besides cutting several holes on knitted sweaters and eye-catching
    tassel red shoes, Vivienne Westwood didn’t used to much
    flamboyant ways this season. When accessorizing the little black dress in a variety of ways, you can create several different looks to accommodate a
    variety of events. The perfect nude baggy jumper can also be brought out with these as it adds fullness to the top part
    of the body, leaving the legs looking sleek and dainty.

    The key to choosing fashion accessories online is not to wear too
    many stand out pieces at the same time. This to Offshore,
    he says you can discover detectable variations in the
    style choices from Chinese owners. As a
    manager, you need to manage differently towards
    these two generations.

  4. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  5. I couldn’t resist commenting

  6. Nowadays, the conditions for your website to be ranked high
    in the search engine results are based on the search engine optimization techniques that you decide to use.
    Two: Research different services – Assuming that you are going to hire someone to
    do it for you, the next step is to research as many different services as possible.

    Auro – IN has a strong team that is built on the delivery of outstanding
    campaign results, customer service and appreciation, and high levels of technical capabilities and values.
    A reputable SEO company won’t have any qualms about connecting potential clients
    with former ones.

  7. Although Yahoo isn’t the biggest, or the highest ranking
    search engine on the internet, it is still one of the most essential, and if you want use search engine optimization and
    promotion as a main technique in your marketing arsenal, you unquestionably need to get listed here.
    Improving Site Structure – This second part tells you how to properly structure URLs.
    But in general here are the services that an online business
    owner should expect from SEO experts and other agencies and consultants:.
    Tests with a model like Page – Rank have shown that the system is not infallible.

  8. Although being aware of keyword percentages is a good idea, it is
    more important that content be relevant and useful to the visitor.
    The process of SEO is the series of steps that are undertaken to ensure that a website is visible
    among internet users to an optimal level. Your baseline will tell you where your company began so you can measure positive or negative ROI (return on your
    investment). This mode of advertisement was faster than the earlier
    ones and reached more people but it had its own limitations.

  9. Many small companies prefer to hire SEO specialists as consultants rather than full time employees, unless they have
    a certain amount of websites that need to be continuously maintained and optimized.
    Two: Research different services – Assuming that you are going
    to hire someone to do it for you, the next step is to research as many different services as possible.
    Thematic relevance is of key importance for the creation of quality backlinks.

    A guy named Alan Emtage, a student at the University of Mc –
    Gill, developed the first search engine for the Internet in 1990.

  10. Otherwise you could give your fingers do the walking in addition to go through any nearby yellow pages along with call the
    financial institution direct These loan services assist you procure the financial loan amount on the times of
    your current fiscal problems

  11. It has always been my belief that great writing such as this takes
    research as well as talent. It’s quite obvious you have performed your homework.
    Wonderful job!

  12. Lakes and Golden Gaming estimate the combined business would have 2015 income of $348.1 million and adjusted money flow of $42.five million.

  13. Plenty of people will benefit from your writing.
    Cheers!

  14. Thanks for this; I’m formally a big fan of your blog.

  15. I am surely bookmarking this website and sharing it with
    my acquaintances. You’ll be getting a lot of visitors to your site from me!

  16. I am constantly web surfing for ideas that will benefit me.

    And I have found yours. Kudos!

  17. I’m truly pleased to find this website, just what I was
    looking for. Saved it to bookmarks.

  18. Azucena says:

    Good day! Fantastic post! Please keep sharing simply because I’ll be staying tuned for lots more!

  19. Ina says:

    Excellent website! I absolutely love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I am
    wondering how I could be informed whenever a brand new post has been made.
    I’ve subscribed to your feed which should do the trick!
    Have a good day!

  20. Chante says:

    A clever insight and fantastic suggestions you have on your website.
    You have obviously spent lots of time on this.
    Well done!

  21. I like your article. It’s evident that you have a lot of knowledge on this topic.

    Your points are well made and relatable. Thanks for writing engaging
    and useful material.

  22. Sonia says:

    Usually I don’t read article on blogs, however I wish to say that
    this write-up is incredible! Your writing taste has
    amazed me. Many thanks, very great post.

  23. We’re happy to turn out to be visitor on this great web site, thank you for this unique info!

  24. Thanks so much for sharing this great info! I am excited to see more blog posts!

  25. A colleague of mine was thinking about ditching his Time Warner Cable subscription in favor of
    PlayStation’s new Vue Tv service , which streams live Television more than the World wide web.

  26. lorretta says:

    The best part on this loan is you get speedy approval within just 24
    hours These kind of costs considering the fact that keeps firm putting up credit card debt integration gives leave earn the
    moolah you on greatest paces out of interest group (a great deal cheesier when compared with you selling price making up initially) and a lot of accommodating conditions out of refund

  27. Neurofluocyte Technology is just a single of pretty few reasons for why technology can assist humanity (Our”).

  28. Subjects can also cover utilizing the Net to plagiarize research papers and information and facts located in newspaper or magazine articles.

  29. The good and fascinating articles keep me coming back here time and
    time again. thank you so much.

  30. I am interested in this helpful article. There are numerous
    things mentioned here I had never thought of before. You have made me realize
    there is more than one way to think regarding these things.

  31. Hey man, This was a fantastic page for such a difficult subject to speak about.
    I look ahead to reading a lot more great posts like these.
    Thanks a lot.

  32. The technique is probable after rooting your applying that software you can easily crack many
    recreation having an application that may perform perfectly and is just direct and
    easy.

  33. Thank you for such a fantastic blog. Where else could anyone get that type of info written in such a perfect way?
    I have a presentation that i’m presently writing
    on, and I have been on the look out for such great information. Happy to find your blog.

  34. Wonderful web site. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending
    it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.
    And certainly, thanks in your effort!

  35. Happy to be one of the visitors on this awe inspiring website :
    D.

  36. david reuss says:

    Well written article! Fantastic job, keep up.

  37. Helpful information and outstanding design you have here!

    I desire to thank you for sharing your ideas and putting the time into
    the stuff you publish! Excellent work!

  38. Advanced technology developed by some of the ideal scientists and researchers in the
    globe have entirely changed the way organizations function.

  39. Unlike many video games, it has so far lacked a certain story plot for
    players to stick to.

  40. PlayStation VR is nonetheless the only a single that has
    not announced a concrete release date.

  41. One cause why this is not rampant is the actual have to
    have of technologies in the modern age.

  42. Sherryl says:

    I like this website a lot, It’s a really nice
    situation to read and get information and tips.

  43. Janice says:

    Great many thanks for posting! btw are there feeds to your blog?

    I’d love to add them to my reader.

  44. I really like you for gathering beneficial info, this post has
    given me a lot more info!

  45. bathmate says:

    I found your blog on search engines and bookmark it currently.
    keep up the excellent work.

  46. I’m truly glad to find this site on google, just what I was looking for.
    Saved to bookmarks.

  47. I’m only commenting to inform you of the amazing experience our girl encountered reading the blog.
    She noticed many pieces, which included how like to possess an incredible giving nature to get certain individuals really easily learn certain complex things.

    You certainly surpassed visitors’ desires. I appreciate
    you for rendering the important, healthy, educational as well as easy suggestions regarding
    the topic.

  48. Lashawnda says:

    This is the kind of information I’ve long been in search of.

    Many thanks for posting this information.

  49. Kali says:

    Hello! Wonderful stuff, please keep me posted whenever you post
    something just like this!

  50. quest bars says:

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon every
    day. It will always be useful to read through articles from other authors and use something from other websites.

Leave a Reply